来自Longman DOCE 5th Ed. (En-En)

check

I. check1 S1 W2 /tʃek/ BrE Play AmE Play verb

1. FIND OUT [intransitive and transitive] to do something in order to find out whether something really is correct, true, or in good condition:

Play Check the tiles carefully before you buy them.

Play A first rule in solving any mystery is to check the facts.

Play Fill in the cash book carefully and always check your calculations.

check (that)

Play Check that all the doors are locked securely.

check whether/how/who etc

Play Let me just check whether the potatoes are cooked.

Play They paused to check how the other climbers were getting on.

check (something) for something

Play I checked the typing for errors.

Play Turn the tap on and check for leaks.

check something against/with something (=compare something with something else to see whether they are the same)

Play You must check the evidence against other sources and decide if it is reliable.

Play Positive test results are double-checked (=looked at twice) to make absolutely sure.

2. ASK SOMEBODY [intransitive and transitive] to ask someone whether something is correct, true, or allowed:

Play I’m not authorized to give you a refund – I’ll have to check first.

check (that)

Play Make a phone call to check that you’re writing to the right person.

check whether/how/who etc

Play Call the factory to check whether the beds can be delivered today.

check with

Play Check with your doctor before going on a diet.

3. NOT DO SOMETHING [transitive] to suddenly stop yourself from saying or doing something because you realize it would be better not to:

Play I had to check the urge to laugh out loud.

check yourself

Play He grinned, and then checked himself, not wanting to upset Jack.

4. STOP SOMETHING [transitive] to stop something bad from getting worse or continuing to happen:

Play The police are failing to take adequate measures to check the growth in crime.

5. BAGS/CASES ETC [transitive] American English, check in British English to leave your bags at an official place so they can be put on a plane or a train, or to take someone’s bags in order to do this:

Play Any luggage over five kilos must be checked.

6. MAKE A MARK [transitive] American English to make a mark (✓ ) next to an answer, something on a list etc to show you have chosen it, that it is correct, or that you have dealt with it SYN tick British English

7. Check especially American English spoken say this when someone mentions each thing on a list, to tell them that you have it or have done it:

Play ‘Passport?’ ‘Check.’ ‘Ticket?’ ‘Check’.

• • •

THESAURUS

check to look at something carefully and thoroughly in order to make sure that it is correct, safe, or working properly: I’ll just check the water level in the battery. | The immigration officer checked their passports. | We need to check the building for structural damage.

examine to look at something carefully and thoroughly because you want to find out something about it: Experts who examined the painting believe it is genuine. | The police will examine the weapon for fingerprints.

inspect to look at something carefully and thoroughly in order to make sure that it is correct, safe, or working properly, especially when it is your job to do this: The building is regularly inspected by a fire-safety officer. | Some insurance people have already been here to inspect the damage caused by the storm.

go through something to examine something such as a document or plan from beginning to end, especially in order to check that it is correct: You should go through the contract before you sign. | I’ve finished my essay, but I just need to go through it to check for spelling mistakes.

double-check to check something again so that you are completely sure it is correct, safe, or working properly: I double-checked all my calculations and they seemed fine. | Travellers should double-check flight information before setting off today.

test to examine or use something in order to find out whether it works or what its qualities are, or in order to check that it is satisfactory: Test your brakes to check they are working correctly. | These products have not been tested on animals.

monitor to carefully watch or keep checking someone or something in order to see what happens over a period of time: Doctors monitored her progress during the night. | Observers have been monitoring the situation in Burma closely.

check in phrasal verb

1. if you check in or are checked in at a hotel or airport, you go to the desk and report that you have arrived:

Play Check in two hours before the flight.

check in at

Play He checked in at the Europa Hotel.

check somebody ↔ in

Play Airline employees were checking in passengers. ⇨ ↑check-in

2. check something ↔ in to leave your bags at an official place so they can be put on a plane or a train, or to take someone’s bags in order to do this:

Play I said goodbye and went to check in my suitcases.

3. American English to call someone to tell them that you are safe or where you are:

Play He just called to check in and tell them how he was doing.

check something ↔ off phrasal verb

to write a mark next to something on a list to show that you have chosen it, dealt with it, or made sure that it is correct:

Play One by one he checked them off on his register.

check on somebody/something phrasal verb

1. to make sure that someone or something is safe, is in a satisfactory state, or is doing what they should be doing:

Play Honey, can you go upstairs and check on the kids?

Play My neighbour comes in once a week to check on things and feed the fish.

2. to try to find out if something is true or correct:

Play He wanted to check on the girl’s story.

check out phrasal verb

1. MAKE SURE

a) check something ↔ out to make sure that something is actually true, correct, or acceptable SYN investigate:

Play I made a phone call to check out his address.

check something ↔ out with

Play Check it out with your boss before you do anything.

b) if information checks out, it is proved to be true, correct, or acceptable:

Play His credit record checks out.

2. LOOK AT SOMEBODY/SOMETHING check somebody/something ↔ out to look at someone or something because they are interesting or attractive:

Play If I hear about a website that sounds interesting, I check it out.

Play Hey, check out that car!

3. GET INFORMATION check somebody ↔ out informal to get information about someone, especially to find out if they are suitable for something:

Play I’ll check them out as potential employers.

4. HOTEL to leave a hotel after paying the bill:

Play We checked out at noon. ⇨ ↑checkout

5. BOOKS check something ↔ out American English to borrow a book from a library:

Play The library allows you to check out six books at a time.

check something/somebody ↔ over phrasal verb

1. to look closely at something to make sure it is correct or acceptable:

Play They spent the rest of the morning checking over their equipment.

2. to examine someone to make sure they are healthy:

Play I’d like the doctor to check you over and do a few tests.

check up on somebody/something phrasal verb

1. to try to find out if someone is doing what they said they would do or what you want them to do:

Play Don’t worry; no one is going to check up on you.

2. to make sure that something is true or correct:

Play Dustin called me to check up on some facts.

II. check2 S1 W3 BrE Play AmE Play noun

[Sense 1-4, 6-10: Date: 1300-1400; Language: Old French; Origin: eschec 'check in chess', from Arabic shah, from Persian, 'king']

[Sense 5: Date: 1400-1500; Origin: checker 'chessboard, pattern of squares' (14-21 centuries), from Old French eschequier, from eschec]

1. FINDING OUT [countable] the process of finding out if something is safe, correct, true, or in the condition it should be

check on

Play the need for tighter checks on arms sales

Play Conduct regular checks on your water quality.

run/carry out/make a check

Play I decided to run a check on all personnel.

Play I keep a careful check on my blood pressure.

have a check British English:

Play Have a check in your bag first and see if it’s there.

Play the airport’s routine security checks

Play random drug checks

health/medical/dental etc check (=a test done to make sure you are healthy)

spot check (=a quick check of one thing among a group of things, that you do without warning)

Play a spot check on the accounts

2. keep/hold somebody/something in check keep someone or something under control:

Play You must learn to keep your emotions in check.

Play attempts to keep global warming in check

Play He made an effort to hold himself in check.

3. A CONTROL ON SOMETHING [countable usually singular] something that controls something else and stops it from getting worse, continuing to happen etc

check on

Play Higher interest rates will act as a check on public spending.

4. checks and balances a system that makes it possible for some people or parts of an organization to control the others, so that no particular person or part has too much power or influence

5. PATTERN [uncountable and countable] a pattern of squares, especially on cloth:

Play a shirt with brown and black checks

check suit/jacket etc (=made with cloth patterned with checks)

Play a blue cotton check dress ⇨ ↑checked

6. FROM YOUR BANK [countable] the American spelling of ↑cheque

check for

Play a check for $30

by check

Play Can I pay by check?

7. IN A RESTAURANT [countable] American English a list that you are given in a restaurant showing what you have eaten and how much you must pay SYN bill British English

8. coat check/hat check American English [countable]

a) a place in a restaurant, theatre etc where you can leave your coat, bag etc to be guarded

b) a ticket that you are given so you can claim your things from this place

9. MARK [countable] American English a mark that you put next to an answer to show that it is correct or next to something on a list to show that you have dealt with it SYN tick British English

10. CHESS [uncountable] the position of the ↑king (=most important piece) in ↑chess where it can be directly attacked by the opponent’s pieces

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

do a check I did a quick check of all the windows, locked the door and left.

make a check (=do a check) One of the nurses makes regular checks during the night.

run a check (=especially on something that is strange or suspicious) You should run a virus check before downloading from the Internet.

carry out/conduct a check formal (=do or run a check) The police carried out a check on the car’s registration number.

have a check British English Always have a final check to make sure you’ve got your ticket and passport.

give something a check I’d like you to give the car a careful check.

keep a check on somebody/something (=check something regularly) Keep a check on your baby’s temperature.

go for a medical/dental etc check She advised me to go for a medical check.

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + check

a quick check A quick check showed that someone had been in the room.

a thorough/careful check An engineer gave the computer a thorough check.

a routine check (=happening as a normal part of a process) I went to the doctor for a routine health check.

a random check (=done without any definite pattern) Customs officials were carrying out random checks on cars.

a regular check It’s vital to keep a regular check on your bank balance.

a close check (=a careful one) His teacher was keeping a close check on his progress.

a safety/security check The security checks at the airport can take a long time.

a health/medical check People over 60 should have regular medical checks.

a background check (=to get information about someone’s previous work, education, family etc) The company conducts background checks on security employees.

a credit check (=to get information about someone’s financial history) Banks usually do a credit check before they give you a loan.

a spot check (=a quick check of one thing in a group done to obtain information) They did a spot check on 160 vehicles to see how many passengers were wearing seat belts.

a spell check (=a process in which a computer program tells you if you have spelt words wrong) Have you done a spell check on your essay?

• • •

THESAURUS

bill a piece of paper that tells you how much you must pay: Many families are struggling to pay their bills. | a credit card bill | We got a huge phone bill. | I asked the waiter to bring me the bill.

check American English a bill that tells you how much you must pay in a restaurant: Can I have the check, please?

invoice a document that lists the goods that a company has sent, or the services they have provided, and tells you how much you must pay. It is often sent from one company to another company: Payment is due ten days after receipt of the invoice.

tab informal a bill that is added up at the end of a period of time, especially for food or drinks that you have had in a restaurant or hotel: People staying in the hotel can order food or drinks to be put on their tab.

III. cheque S2 BrE Play AmE Play British English, check American English /tʃek/ noun [countable]

[Date: 1700-1800; Origin: check, influenced by exchequer]

a printed piece of paper that you write an amount of money on, sign, and use instead of money to pay for things

cheque for

Play They sent me a cheque for £100.

by cheque

Play Can I pay by cheque?

Play You could write her a cheque.

cash a cheque (=get cash in exchange for a cheque)

⇨ ↑blank cheque, TRAVELLER’S CHEQUE

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

pay by cheque You can pay by cheque or credit card.

write (out) a cheque I had to write a cheque for £360 yesterday.

give somebody a cheque Can I give you a cheque, or would you prefer cash?

make a cheque out/payable to somebody (=write someone's name on a cheque so it is paid to them) Who shall I make the cheque out to?

enclose a cheque (=send it with a letter by post) I wrote to the company enclosing a cheque for £49.99.

sign a cheque You've forgotten to sign the cheque.

pay in a cheque (=pay a cheque into your bank account) I went to the bank to pay in a couple of cheques.

cancel/stop a cheque (=stop a cheque from being paid to someone) Don't forget to phone the bank and cancel that cheque.

cash a cheque (=exchange a cheque for the amount of money it is worth) The company had cashed the cheque but not sent the goods.

accept a cheque (=take a cheque as a form of payment) We only accept cheques if you have a bank card.

draw a cheque formal (=use a cheque to withdraw money from an account) Customers can draw cheques for any amount they like on their accounts.

a cheque bounces (=is not paid by a bank because there is not enough money in the account) The cheque bounced because my account was overdrawn.

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + cheque

a large cheque (=for a lot of money) Sara was delighted to receive a large cheque in the post.

a blank cheque (=signed but without the amount written on it) I wasn't sure how much the tickets would be so I gave her a blank cheque.

a post-dated cheque (=with a date on it that is later than the date you write the cheque) She wanted a post-dated cheque for the next three months' rent.

a pay cheque (=one that you get for doing your job) My pay cheque arrived at the end of each week.

a traveller's cheque (=a type of cheque that you can exchange for money in another country) Are you taking some traveller's cheques on holiday?

■ cheque + NOUN

a cheque book (=a book of cheques that your bank gives you to use) When you open a bank account you will be given your own cheque book.

a cheque card (=a bank card shown when paying by cheque) Cheques must be accompanied by a valid cheque card.

a cheque stub (=the part of a cheque that stays in your cheque book when you have written a cheque) Check your cheque stubs to see when you wrote the cheque.

来自Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary 8th Ed.

check

check [check checks checked checking] verb, noun, exclamation BrE [tʃek] Play NAmE [tʃek] Play

verb  
 

EXAMINE

1. transitive ~ sth (for sth) to examine sth to see if it is correct, safe or acceptable

Check the container for cracks or leaks.

She gave me the minutes of the meeting to read and check.

Check the oil and water before setting off.

Check your work before handing it in.

Customs officers have the right to check all luggage going through customs.  
 

MAKE SURE

2. intransitive, transitive to find out if sth/sb is present, correct or true or if sth is how you think it is

‘Is Mary in the office?’ ‘Just a moment. I'll go and check.’

~ sth Hang on— I just need to check my email.

~ (that)… Go and check (that) I've locked the windows.

~ (with sb) (what/whether, etc…) You'd better check with Jane what time she's expecting us tonight.

see also cross-check, double-check  
 

CONTROL

3. transitive ~ sth to control sth; to stop sth from increasing or getting worse

The government is determined to check the growth of public spending.

She tied some strips of cloth around the wound to check the bleeding.

4. transitive to stop yourself from saying or doing sth or from showing a particular emotion

~ sth to check your anger/laughter/tears

~ yourself She wanted to tell him the whole truth but she checked herself— it wasn't the right moment.  
 

COATS/BAGS/CASES

5. transitive ~ sth (NAmE) to leave coats, bags, etc. in an official place (called a ↑checkroom) while you are visiting a club, restaurant, etc

Do you want to check your coats?

6. transitive ~ sth (NAmE) to leave bags or cases with an official so that they can be put on a plane or train

How many bags are you checking?  
 

MAKE MARK

7. transitive ~ sth (NAmE) (BrE tick) to put a mark (✓) next to an item on a list, an answer, etc

Check the box next to the right answer.

Verb forms: x_verb_forms_check_mark.jpg
 

Word Origin:

v. and exclam. n. senses 1 to 4 and n. senses 6 to 10 Middle English Old French eschec medieval Latin scaccus Arabic Persian šāh ‘king’ Old French eschequier ‘play chess, put in check’ ‘stop or control’ ‘examine the accuracy of’

n. sense 5 late Middle English

 

Thesaurus:

check verb

1. T

Check your work before handing it in.

inspectexaminego over sthcheck over sb/sthcheck through sthlook at sth|business audit

check/inspect/examine/check over/check through sth for sth

check/inspect/examine/look at sth to see if/whether…

check/inspect/examine/go over/check over/check through/look at sth carefully

Check, inspect or examine? These words can all be used when you are looking for possible problems. Only check is used about looking for mistakes:  ✗ Inspect/Examine your work before handing it in. Only examine is used when looking for the cause of a problem:

The doctor examined her but could find nothing wrong.

 ✗ The doctor checked/inspected her but could find nothing wrong.

2. I, T

Go and check that I've locked the windows.

make sure|formal verifyassure yourself

check/verify sth with sb

check/make sure/verify/assure yourself that…

check/verify what/whether…
 

Synonyms:

check

examine inspect go over sth

These words all mean to look closely to make sure that everything is correct, in good condition, or acceptable.

check to look at sth closely to make sure that everything is correct, in good condition, safe or satisfactory: Check your work before handing it in.

examine to look at sb/sth closely to see if there is anything wrong or to find the cause of a problem: The goods were examined for damage on arrival.

inspect to look at sb/sth closely to make sure that everything is satisfactory; to officially visit a school, factory, etc. in order to check that rules are being obeyed and that standards are acceptable: Make sure you inspect the goods before signing for them. The Tourist Board inspects all recommended hotels at least once a year.

check, examine or inspect?

All these words can be used when you are looking for possible problems, but only check is used for mistakes: Examine/Inspect your work before handing it in. Only examine is used when looking for the cause of a problem: The doctor checked/inspected her but could find nothing wrong. Examine is used more often about a professional person: The surveyor examined the walls for signs of damp. Inspect is used more often about an official: Public health officials were called in to inspect the restaurant.

go over sth to check sth carefully for mistakes, damage or anything dangerous: Go over your work for spelling mistakes before you hand it in.

to check/examine/inspect/go over (sth) for sth

to check/examine/inspect/go over sth to see if/whether…

to check/examine/inspect/go over sth carefully/thoroughly
 

Example Bank:

Always check that the electricity is switched off before you start.

Check the engine oil level regularly.

Check the roof for loose slates.

He was just checking to see if I was in my room.

I checked with her to see if she needed any help.

I'll need to check these figures against last year's.

It's worth checking that there is no rust on the car.

She began mentally checking off the things on her to-do list.

The cartons were all checked off as they were unloaded.

To take advantage of this extra bonus offer, simply check the box on your order form.

We had better check that all the doors are locked.

‘Is Mary in the office?’ ‘Just a moment. I'll go and check.’

Check the oil and water in the car before setting off.

Go and check that I've locked the windows.

She made no effort to check her tears and just let them run down her face.

She wanted to tell him the whole truth but she checked herself.

The active ingredient checks the growth of bacteria.

You'd better check with Jane what time she's expecting us.

 

noun  
 

EXAMINATION

1. countable ~ (for/on sth) an act of making sure that sth is safe, correct or in good condition by examining it

Could you give the tyres a check?

a health check

The drugs were found in their car during a routine check by police.

a check for spelling mistakes

I'll just have a quick check to see if the letter's arrived yet.

It is vital to keep a check on your speed (= look at it regularly in order to control it).

see also reality check  
 

INVESTIGATION

2. countable ~ (on sb/sth) an investigation to find out more information about sth

The police ran a check on the registration number of the car.

Was any check made on Mr Morris when he applied for the post?  
 

CONTROL

3. countable ~ (on/to sth) (formal) something that delays the progress of sth else or stops it from getting worse

A cold spring will provide a natural check on the number of insects.

the most fundamental check to the power of the British monarchy

4. checks plural (formal) rules that are designed to control the amount of power, especially political power, that one person or group has

see also checks and balances  
 

PATTERN

5. countable, uncountable a pattern of squares, usually of two colours

Do you prefer checks or stripes?

a check shirt/suit

a yellow and red check skirt

see also checked  
 

MONEY

6. countable (US) = cheque

7. countable (NAmE) = bill

Can I have the check, please?  
 

FOR COATS/BAGS

8. countable (NAmE) coat ~ a place in a club, restaurant, etc. where you can leave your coat or bag

9. countable (NAmE) a ticket that you get when you leave your coat, bag, etc. in, for example, a restaurant or theatre  
 

IN GAME

10. uncountable (in chess) a position in which a player's king (= the most important piece) can be directly attacked by the other player's pieces

There, you're in check.

see also checkmate  
 

MARK

11. (also ˈcheck mark) (both NAmE) (BrE tick) countable a mark (✓) put beside a sum or an item on a list, usually to show that it has been checked or done or is correct

compare cross, X (4)

more at take a rain check at rain check
 

Word Origin:

v. and exclam. n. senses 1 to 4 and n. senses 6 to 10 Middle English Old French eschec medieval Latin scaccus Arabic Persian šāh ‘king’ Old French eschequier ‘play chess, put in check’ ‘stop or control’ ‘examine the accuracy of’

n. sense 5 late Middle English

 

Thesaurus:

check noun C

Carry out regular safety checks of the equipment.

inspectionexaminationcheck-up

a thorough/routine/regular check/inspection/examination/check-up

a medical check/inspection/examination/check-up

carry out/do a/an check/inspection/examination
 

Synonyms:

bill

account invoice check

These are all words for a record of how much you owe for goods or services you have bought or used.

bill a list of goods that you have bought or services that you have used, showing how much you owe; the price or cost of sth: the gas bill

account an arrangement with a shop/store or business to pay bills for goods or services at a later time, for example in regular amounts every month: Put it on my account please.

invoice (rather formal) a bill for goods that sb has bought or work that has been done for sb: The builders sent an invoice for £250.

bill or invoice?

You would get a bill in a restaurant, bar or hotel; from a company that supplies you with gas, electricity, etc; or from sb whose property you have damaged. An invoice is for goods supplied or work done as agreed between a customer and supplier.

check (NAmE) a piece of paper that shows how much you have to pay for the food and drinks that you have had in a restaurant: Can I have the check, please?

In British English the usual word for this is bill.

the bill/invoice/check for sth

to pay/settle a(n) bill/account/invoice/check

to put sth on the/sb's bill/account/invoice/check
 

Example Bank:

A thorough check is made before the luggage is put on the plane.

Can I have the check please?

I did a quick visual check of the engine.

I do a spell check on all my emails.

I have to go for a dental check.

I'll just have a quick check to see if the letter's arrived.

In a series of spot checks, police searched buses crossing the border.

Leaving some fields fallow provided a natural check on insect populations.

Police are keeping a close check on the house.

The band wants to do a sound check before the concert.

The law acts as a check on people's actions.

The waiter handed me the check for my meal.

Uncle Louie picked up the dinner check.

We're running a police check on all applicants for the job.

You need to keep your temper in check!

a routine check on the factory

A cold spring will provide a natural check on the number of insects.

Could you give the tyres a quick check?

I had a last-minute check to see if the email had arrived.

I went for a health check before going on the trip.

It is vital to keep a check on your speed.

Regular safety checks are conducted on the equipment used in the factory.

The House of Commons became the most fundamental check to the power of the British monarchy.

The drugs were found in their car during a routine check by police.

The police ran a check on the registration number of the car.

Was any check made on Mr Morris when he applied for the job?

 

exclamation used to show that you agree with sb or that sth on a list has been dealt with

‘Do you have your tickets?’ ‘Check.’ ‘Passport?’ ‘Check.’
 

Word Origin:

v. and exclam. n. senses 1 to 4 and n. senses 6 to 10 Middle English Old French eschec medieval Latin scaccus Arabic Persian šāh ‘king’ Old French eschequier ‘play chess, put in check’ ‘stop or control’ ‘examine the accuracy of’

n. sense 5 late Middle English

 

See also:tick tick somebody off

来自CollinsCobuild (En-En)

check

[tʃe̱k]

♦♦

checks, checking, checked

1) VERB If you check something such as a piece of information or a document, you make sure that it is correct or satisfactory.

See also cross-check

[V n] Check the accuracy of everything in your CV...

[V n] It's worth checking each item for obvious flaws...

I think there is an age limit, but I'd have to check...

[V wh] She hadn't checked whether she had a clean ironed shirt...

[V that] He checked that he had his room key...

[V with n] I shall need to check with the duty officer.

N-COUNT: usu with supp

Check is also a noun. He is being constantly monitored with regular checks on his blood pressure. ...a security check.

2) VERB If you check on someone or something, you make sure they are in a safe or satisfactory condition.

[V on n] Stephen checked on her several times during the night...

[V on n] He decided to check on things at the warehouse.

3) VERB If you check something that is written on a piece of paper, you put a mark, like a V with the right side extended, next to it to show that something is correct or has been selected or dealt with. [AM]

[V n] Frequently, men who check answer (b) have not actually had the experience of being repeatedly rejected by women.

(in BRIT, usually use tick)

4) VERB To check something, usually something bad, means to stop it from spreading or continuing.

[V n] Sex education is also expected to help check the spread of AIDS.

[V n] ...free press that will check corruption by ensuring total transparency in government.

Syn:

5) VERB If you check yourself or if something checks you, you suddenly stop what you are doing or saying.

[V pron-refl] He was about to lose his temper but checked himself in time...

[V n] I held up one finger to check him.

6) VERB When you check your luggage at an airport, you give it to an official so that it can be taken on to your plane.

[V n] We arrived at the airport, checked our baggage and wandered around the gift shops...

[V n prep/adv] You can check your baggage right through to its final destination.

PHRASAL VERB

To check in your luggage means the same as to check it. Also V n P V P n (not pron) They checked in their luggage and found seats in the departure lounge.

7) N-COUNT The check in a restaurant is a piece of paper on which the price of your meal is written and which you are given before you pay. [mainly AM]

Syn:

8) CONVENTION In a game of chess, you say check when you are attacking your opponent's king.

9) N-COUNT: oft N n A pattern of squares, usually of two colours, can be referred to as checks or a check.

Styles include stripes and checks.

...a red and white check dress.

10) PHRASE: V inflects If something or someone is held in check or is kept in check, they are controlled and prevented from becoming too great or powerful.

Life on Earth will become unsustainable unless population growth is held in check...

He's found someone with a bit of fight to keep him in check.

Phrasal Verbs: