Ubuntu上装个seedbox玩

搞了个VPS,如果只是用来当VPN用的话有点浪费,于是想了想决定在上面搞一个seedbox下美剧用。。。然后发现网络上现成的教程多多少少有些问题,摸索了半天终于成功,决定记录下来,以备不时之需~~

VPS的系统用的是Ubuntu 12.04.3 LTS,seedbox是rtorrent和rutorrent的结合。

VPS拿到手之后的第一件事自然是更新。。。

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apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y

新建一个帐号运行rtorrent,就叫做rtorrent好了,否则用root来运行的话,总觉得略恐怖啊。

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adduser rtorrent

这就是为什么我热爱Ubuntu。。。装软件太方便了。。。

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apt-get install -y apache2 apache2-utils autoconf build-essential ca-certificates comerr-dev libapache2-mod-php5 libcloog-ppl-dev libcppunit-dev libcurl3 libcurl4-openssl-dev libncurses5-dev ncurses-base ncurses-term libterm-readline-gnu-perl libsigc++-2.0-dev libssl-dev libtool libxml2-dev ntp openssl patch libperl-dev php5 php5-cli php5-dev php5-fpm php5-curl php5-geoip php5-mcrypt php5-xmlrpc pkg-config python-scgi dtach ssl-cert subversion unrar zlib1g-dev pkg-config unzip htop irssi curl cfv mediainfo rtorrent

如果提示找不到unrar的话需要修改/etc/apt/sources.list,加入multiverse,然后

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apt-get update

如果需要截图,那还需要ffmpeg。首先

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apt-get install -y software-properties-common python-software-properties

然后

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add-apt-repository ppa:jon-severinsson/ffmpeg

然后apt-get update,最后

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apt-get install -y ffmpeg

调教Apache2。说明一下,因为TCP443端口被我拿来做SSL VPN了,所以https的端口被我改成了8443,如果希望继续使用默认的443端口的同学们自己相应修改。

启用必要的模块

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a2enmod ssl
a2enmod auth_digest
a2ensite default-ssl

自签名一个证书

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openssl req -new -x509 -days 365 -nodes -newkey rsa:2048 -out /etc/apache2/apache.pem -keyout /etc/apache2/apache.pem
chmod 600 /etc/apache2/apache.pem

加个密码(假设用户名是webui)输入下面一条命令之后会让你输入2次密码

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htdigest -c /etc/apache2/htpasswd rutorrent webui

修改/etc/apache2/apache2.conf,Timeout改为30,增加一句ServerTokens Prod

修改/etc/apache2/sites-available/default为下面的内容,记得替换servername or IP部分:

<VirtualHost *:80>
	
	ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
	
	DocumentRoot /var/www/
		<Directory />
			Options FollowSymLinks
			AllowOverride All
		</Directory>
		<Directory /var/www/>
			Options -Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
			AllowOverride None
			Order allow,deny
			allow from all
		</Directory>
        
	ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log
	# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
	# alert, emerg.
	LogLevel warn
    
    CustomLog /var/log/apache2/access.log combined
    
    <Location /rutorrent>
    	AuthType Digest
    	AuthName "rutorrent"
    	AuthDigestDomain /var/www/rutorrent/ http://<servername or IP>/rutorrent
    	AuthDigestProvider file
    	AuthUserFile /etc/apache2/htpasswd
    	Require valid-user
    	SetEnv R_ENV "/var/www/rutorrent"
    </Location>

</VirtualHost>

修改/etc/apache2/sites-available/default-ssl为下面的内容,记得替换servername or IP部分:

<VirtualHost *:8443>
        ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost

        SSLEngine on
        SSLCertificateFile /etc/apache2/apache.pem

        DocumentRoot /var/www/
        <Directory />
                Options FollowSymLinks
                AllowOverride All
        </Directory>
        <Directory /var/www/>
                Options -Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
                AllowOverride None
                Order allow,deny
                allow from all
        </Directory>
        ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log

        # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
        # alert, emerg.
        LogLevel warn

        CustomLog /var/log/apache2/access.log combined
    <Location /rutorrent>
        AuthType Digest
        AuthName "rutorrent"
        AuthDigestDomain /var/www/rutorrent/ http://<servername or IP>/rutorrent
        AuthDigestProvider file
        AuthUserFile /etc/apache2/htpasswd
        Require valid-user
        SetEnv R_ENV "/var/www/rutorrent"
     </Location>
</VirtualHost>

修改/etc/apache2/ports.conf,主要是把443改成8443,以及在IfModule mod_ssl.c下加一句NameVirtualHost *:8443

最后就是

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service apache2 restart

新建一个rtorrent的配置文件,可以从http://libtorrent.rakshasa.no/export/1303/trunk/rtorrent/doc/rtorrent.rc下载以后修改,记得下载之后文件名改为.rtorrent.rc,放在/home/rtorrent/下面。修改的要点是增加一行scgi_port = localhost:5000,其他按需修改即可。

新建一些目录,修正一些权限的问题:

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chown rtorrent:rtorrent /home/rtorrent/.rtorrent.rc
mkdir /home/rtorrent/.session
chown rtorrent:rtorrent /home/rtorrent/.session
chmod 644 /home/rtorrent/.rtorrent.rc
chmod 755 /home/rtorrent/.session 

下载rutorrent

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cd /tmp
svn checkout http://rutorrent.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/rutorrent
svn checkout http://rutorrent.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/plugins
rm -r rutorrent/plugins
mv plugins rutorrent/
mv rutorrent /var/www/
cd /var/www
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data rutorrent
sudo chmod -R 755 rutorrent

按需修改conf/config.php和conf/plugins.ini,我觉得默认的足够好了,没事不用动它们。

新建/etc/init.d/rtorrent,输入下面内容。。。吐槽一下其实这个才是难点,找了好多脚本都不能用。。。终于找到一个差不多能用的修改了一下。。。

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#!/bin/sh 
############# 
###### 
############# 
# This script depends on screen. 
# For the stop function to work, you must set an 
# explicit session directory using ABSOLUTE paths (no, ~ is not absolute) in your rtorrent.rc. 
# If you typically just start rtorrent with just "rtorrent" on the 
# command line, all you need to change is the "user" option. 
# Attach to the screen session as your user with 
# "screen -dr rtorrent". Change "rtorrent" with srnname option. 
# Licensed under the GPLv2 by lostnihilist: lostnihilist _at_ gmail _dot_ com 
############## 
###### 
############## 

####################### 
##Start Configuration## 
####################### 
# You can specify your configuration in a different file 
# (so that it is saved with upgrades, saved in your home directory, 
# or whateve reason you want to) 
# by commenting out/deleting the configuration lines and placing them 
# in a text file (say /home/user/.rtorrent.init.conf) exactly as you would 
# have written them here (you can leave the comments if you desire 
# and then uncommenting the following line correcting the path/filename 
# for the one you used. note the space after the ".". 
# . /etc/rtorrent.init.conf 

#Do not put a space on either side of the equal signs e.g. 
# user = user 
# will not work 
# system user to run as 
user="rtorrent" 
# the system group to run as, not implemented, see d_start for beginning implementation 
# group=`id -ng "$user"` 

# the full path to the filename where you store your rtorrent configuration 
config="`su -c 'echo $HOME' $user`/.rtorrent.rc" 

# set of options to run with 
options="" 

# default directory for screen, needs to be an absolute path 
base="`su -c 'echo $HOME' $user`" 

# name of screen session 
srnname="rtorrent" 

# file to log to (makes for easier debugging if something goes wrong) 
logfile="/home/$user/rtorrent-init.log" 
####################### 
###END CONFIGURATION### 
####################### 
PATH=/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin 
DESC="rtorrent" 
NAME=rtorrent 
DAEMON=$NAME 
SCRIPTNAME=/etc/init.d/$NAME 

checkcnfg() { 
exists=0 
for i in `echo "$PATH" | tr ':' '\n'` ; do 
if [ -f $i/$NAME ] ; then 
exists=1 
break 
fi 
done 
if [ $exists -eq 0 ] ; then 
echo "cannot find rtorrent binary in PATH $PATH" | tee -a "$logfile" >&2 
exit 3 
fi 
if ! [ -r "${config}" ] ; then 
echo "cannot find readable config ${config}. check that it is there and permissions are appropriate" | tee -a "$logfile" >&2 
exit 3 
fi 
session=`getsession "$config"` 
if ! [ -d "${session}" ] ; then 
echo "cannot find readable session directory ${session} from config ${config}. check permissions" | tee -a "$logfile" >&2 
exit 3 
fi 
} 

d_start() { 
[ -d "${base}" ] && cd "${base}" 
stty stop undef && stty start undef 
su -c "screen -ls | grep -sq "\.${srnname}[[:space:]]" " ${user} || su -c "screen -dm -S ${srnname} 2>&1 1>/dev/null" ${user} | tee -a "$logfile" >&2 
# this works for the screen command, but starting rtorrent below adopts screen session gid 
# even if it is not the screen session we started (e.g. running under an undesirable gid 
#su -c "screen -ls | grep -sq "\.${srnname}[[:space:]]" " ${user} || su -c "sg \"$group\" -c \"screen -fn -dm -S ${srnname} 2>&1 1>/dev/null\"" ${user} | tee -a "$logfile" >&2 
su -c "screen -S "${srnname}" -X screen rtorrent ${options} 2>&1 1>/dev/null" ${user} | tee -a "$logfile" >&2 
} 

d_stop() { 
session=`getsession "$config"` 
if ! [ -s ${session}/rtorrent.lock ] ; then 
return 
fi 
pid=`cat ${session}/rtorrent.lock | awk -F: '{print($2)}' | sed "s/[^0-9]//g"` 
if ps -A | grep -sq ${pid}.*rtorrent ; then # make sure the pid doesn't belong to another process 
kill -s INT ${pid} 
fi 
} 

getsession() { 
session=`cat "$1" | grep "^[[:space:]]*session[[:space:]]*=" | sed "s/^[[:space:]]*session[[:space:]]*=[[:space:]]*//" ` 
echo $session 
} 

checkcnfg 

case "$1" in 
start) 
echo -n "Starting $DESC: $NAME" 
d_start 
echo "." 
;; 
stop) 
echo -n "Stopping $DESC: $NAME" 
d_stop 
echo "." 
;; 
restart|force-reload) 
echo -n "Restarting $DESC: $NAME" 
d_stop 
sleep 1 
d_start 
echo "." 
;; 
*) 
echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|restart|force-reload}" >&2 
exit 1 
;; 
esac 

exit 0

这样就可以用service rtorrent start/stop/restart等来控制了。开机自启的话运行update-rc.d rtorrent defaults即可。这样就大功告成啦!打开浏览器输入http://xxx/rutorrent应该就好了。

参考资料:

http://forums.rutorrent.org/index.php?topic=256.0

http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1464021

updatedupdated2020-07-102020-07-10
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